From the summit of Mount Penanjakan, the best place to enjoy the beauty of the district of Bromo-Tengger-Semeru, we are entertained by a theatre of nature which presents the drama ‘When Morning Begins’. An astounding sight. This spot is perhaps the best place for inhabitants of this earth to witness how Mother Earth begins one of her days in spectacular beauty. The main players in this theatre of nature are Mount Bromo, Batok, Widodaren and Semeru in the background, while in the foreground the vast Tengger caldera is spread out, often blanketed with mist. The Sun’s rays act as footlights, illuminating the area. Little by little, from a state of darkness, minute by minute, the sun unveils the dawn in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru, in its incomparable beauty. Mount Bromo stands in the middle of the Tengger caldera and greets the morning, welcoming it with its periodic puffing of smoke. Bromo is visibly the most active and the most prominent on the stage of the theatre of Bromo-Tengger-Semeru.

Apart from mount Penanajakan, we can also immortalise the natural beauty of Bromo from Mount Dingklik, Cemoro Lawang, Mount Lingkar, Titik Penanjakan II, Mount Pundak

Lembu, Ider-ider and Bantengan. These peaks wind around to form the crater rim of an ancient and enormous mountain called Mount Tengger. According to geologists, millions of years ago this super volcano, the ancient mount Tengger, had a diameter of 10 kilometers, as wide as the caldera that now holds a sea of sand. Bromo is just one of the small craters that formed after the devastating eruption of mount Tengger. The natural beauty of Bromo can also be enjoyed from a lower point, the sea of sand that fills the caldera.

The district of Bromo-Tengger-Semeru is inhabited by the ethnic Tengger community. Unlike the lowland Javanese, who are generally Muslim, the Tengger are Hindus who still maintain their traditions. One of the highlights of their festivities is the Kasada ceremony. Every year, the Tengger people cross the sea of sand and climb the highest peak to the crater edge of Mount Bromo, from where they cast offerings in the form of live fowl, money and bouquets of flowers into the hissing, seething inner crater. They pray to the god Brahma (from whom Bromo derives its name) that in the coming year he will grant them good health and a good harvest.